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Cart items. Toggle navigation. Stock photo. Search Results Results 1 of Very Good. Open University Press. Used - Good. Shows some signs of wear, and may have some markings on the inside. Open University Press, Ships with Tracking Number! What are the major debates and unresolved issues surrounding this form of research? Introducing Qualitative Research in Psychology is a vital resource for students new to qualitative psychology. It offers a clear introduction to the topic by taking six different approaches to qualitative methods and explaining when each one should be used, the procedures and techniques involved, and any limitations associated with such research.

The book examines: Reflexivity and ethics The benefits of the different approaches and comparisons of them Appropriate ways of writing up research This edition contains more interactive exercises and tasks in order to help students understand what they are learning, as well as three qualitative research reports with annotations highlighting key issues for novice researchers.

The content analysis revealed the prevalence of the following research elements in the selected articles from the three groups of journals. Regarding prevalent descriptions of specific research elements, various paradigms were reported from the articles. During the data analyses these examples were reduced to only ten paradigm descriptions examples of articles using each of the paradigm descriptions can be viewed in Appendix 1. The prevalence of these paradigms in the total sample of articles is illustrated in Figure 2. As illustrated in Figure 2 , although specific paradigms were reported, a large number of articles did not specify any paradigm but referred to the use of a general qualitative approach The second largest category Of those specified, Figure 2 shows that the most prevalent paradigms were: interpretive For the purpose of this research, however, the interpretive category is viewed as including only articles that specifically referred to interpretivism.

A few articles did refer to a blend of social constructivism and interpretive paradigms 2.

Overview of Qualitative Research Methods

Traditionally, hermeneutic phenomenology is not considered as a paradigm, rather a qualitative design. Yet, Elliott, Fischer and Rennie indicate this approach as one of various philosophies guiding psychological research. In light of this insight, hermeneutic phenomenology was included as a paradigm. This is due to the large amount of articles using the description of a worldview and not merely a design. Descriptions which authors used ranged from depth hermeneutics, hermeneutic phenomenology, double hermeneutics, to phenomenology and interpretive phenomenology. These views were sometimes incompatible in traditional terms e.

The critical worldviews included, among others, the feminist and critical race theory as well as transformative theory.

When comparing the descriptions of paradigms for the three journals, it is evident that some paradigms are more prevalent in certain journals. Table 2 summarises these findings.

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Most of the latter articles were attributed to a specific author namely, Frans Cilliers. Interestingly, the majority of the articles which did not describe or report any information on the paradigms that were used are found in SAJP. Although all of the journals published articles from a variety of paradigms, publications in SAJHRM appear to be the least diverse with no indication of the postmodern, pragmatic and critical worldviews.

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It was found that more management-oriented research on organisations was published in the mentioned journal. Therefore, especially research from a critical perspective would attribute to this field as it uncovers issues of power relations and injustices. It is surprising that in South Africa to date no research was published from this stance, seeing that it is a common theme in the discourse within this socio-political context.

Although the prevalence of the general qualitative research remains high throughout the years, the amount of constructivist and interpretivist paradigms did increase as well. It is, therefore, evident that, over the years there was an increase in the variety of paradigms applied in articles on qualitative research. Regarding the prevalence of research designs, it was found that various designs were used in the studies presented in the articles, as Figure 3 indicates.

As indicated in Figure 3 , most of the articles Unspecified designs are not uncommon in qualitative methodology due to the flexible methods employed. In this category, authors would state, for instance, that they followed a qualitative design, and further specified the methods used.

The unspecified category, however, does not include studies in which no methodological properties whatsoever were mentioned. Of the specified designs, the case study is the most prevalent one Case studies in this sense refer to multiple, single, comparative or ecological studies of specific cases. Internationally, case studies are also a popular design used in psychology Creswell et al. Cassell et al. In this regard, Creswell et al. According to the present review, designs of grounded theory were also popular 8.

From the data, it is evident that only a few articles used designs such as AR 2. Other designs were used too scarcely to justify a category on its own. When comparing the research designs used in the various journals, it is evident that some designs do not appear as frequent in certain journals. Table 3 summarises these comparisons. As illustrated in Table 3 , the largest diversity in designs is found in the publications from SAJP in which all of the categories are covered.

Introducing Qualitative Research in Psychology 2nd Edition | Text Book Centre

SAJIP seems to have published the least variety in designs in which its publications used mainly case study methods, the general qualitative design, grounded theory, phenomenology and AR. Other designs such as narrative, discourse analytic, and ethnographic designs are not featuring in SAJIP articles at all. This is contrary to the finding of Schurink that ethnography is a popular design for management and organisational studies.

It seems, therefore, that the case study methods and grounded theory are the more prevalent designs featuring also in SAJHRM, with only one ethnographic design published. Similar to the paradigm descriptions, the articles which did not provide information on the reported designs are from SAJP. In terms of the prevalence of data-analysing methods, various forms were reported, as indicated by Figure 4.

Evident from Figure 4 is the wide distribution of data-analysing methods used in qualitative publications. Thematic analysis Although a fairly even distribution of data-analysing techniques is found in qualitative publications, it seems that narrative analysis 2. This is not surprising since narrative analysis would most often, but not always, be linked to narrative designs — also one of the least popular designs mentioned. This is, however, in contrast to findings by Stead et al.

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These researchers did, however, not find articles using discourse analysis, while it is evident from Figure 4 that this form of analysis is used in the articles included in the present study 7. These entail the following forms of analysis: ethnographic, IQA, semiotic, as well as analysis within the framework of transcendental realism and various versions of phenomenological analysis. Again, a number of articles A comparison can be made of the data-analysing methods featuring in the three journals, as indicated in Table 4.

From Table 4 , it is evident that most of the studies utilising thematic analysis Almost half of the articles Almost all Regarding scholarly involvement in qualitative research publications over the past two decades, authors were involved with the identified articles and a total of 40 institutions were listed as affiliations on these publications. Various authors at least 45 authors were involved with many of the identified articles. The scholars from the sample of qualitative publications in the present study who were found the most involved are summarised in Table 5.

According to the research, the five institutions that were mostly involved with these qualitative publications are as follows: University of Johannesburg articles , University of South Africa articles , North-West University 42 articles , University of Cape Town 36 articles and University of Witwatersrand Wits 35 articles. The first objective of the present study was to compare the number of qualitative publications with other publications over the past two decades. An increase could be found in the publication of qualitative studies over the past 20 years in the three reviewed journals.

However, there still is a lower volume of qualitative research in comparison with non-empirical, mixed methods and quantitative studies. Although a range of methodologies is included in the qualitative studies, it seems that qualitative researchers in psychology as well as management and organisational studies have not yet taken full advantage of the available options in qualitative inquiry Pritchard, For instance, following to the second objective of the study, the findings indicated that some approaches and methods remain popular, especially for certain journals.

It is evident from the results that more contemporary methods such as autoethnography are not prominent in the three South African journals included in the current investigation even though these methods increasingly feature in international organisational research Parry, This again may relate to the factors listed by Cassell et al.

Introducing qualitative research in psychology: adventures in theory and method

Another reason for this lack of these methods may be that because qualitative research have become so varied that it is often evaluated according to inappropriate criteria, and thus dismissed unfairly. The present study indicated the popularity and prevalence of certain qualitative approaches and designs featuring in specific journals. This finding confirms that certain approaches and methods are more acceptable in specific journals. Where authors lack exposure it has a snowball effect: limited exposure could possibly result in scarcity of publication, which in turn causes less exposure to contemporary methods.

As a result, potential contributors may have less interest in these methods and forfeit possible training opportunities.